Service Systems in Ports and Inland Waterways

Service Systems in Ports and Inland Waterways With the planning of a port development or the design of a new port, one is confronted with unique physical properties, boundary conditions and problems to be solved. What ports have in common is that they all constitute a link in the transport chain and an interface between transport modes. As a result every port comprises a number of systems:

a. The wet infrastructure - approach channel(s) - manoeuvring areas - mooring basins

b. A system of aids to navigate, to enable the ship to make - a safe landfall - system of towage - pilot system

c. The dry infrastructure - terminals with cargo handling and storage facilities - through transport systems In port studies, generally two main subjects can be identiUed, viz. improvement of the existing situation, and design of a required future situation.

For the purpose of optimising port facilities in relation to capacities demands, port operations have to be analysed, a process which is often facilitated by applying complex port simulation-models. However sometimes a relatively simple empirical approach or queuing theory can be used. Concerning the choice of the method, always due attention should be paid to the local situation.

In Chapter 2 a brief description is given of the procedure followed in port studies. The general aspects concerning the port design are the subject of Chapter 3. In Chapter 4 a closer look is taken at the possible solutions of the design problem, i.e. ‘rules of thumb’, queuing theory and simulation models, with increasing complexity. Much attention is paid to the Queuing Theory, which is the subject of Chapter 5. The most complex problems are solved with the aid of simulation models, which are treated in Chapter 6. The analysis of the input and output data concerning these models is the subject of chapter 7.

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